SimplyWall.st has an indicator called: Share Price vs. Fair Value
I love it, it allows me to simplify so many things. It’s shown as (stock used Allianz (ALV)):
The chart is nice and simple to understand, but the important thing is how the Fair value is calculated,
How is the Fair Value calculated on simplywall.st?
Below are the data sources, inputs and calculation used to determine the intrinsic value for Allianz.
|Valuation Model||Excess Returns Model|
|Stable EPS||Weighted future Return on Equity estimates from 16 analysts.|
= Stable Book Value * Return on Equity
= €183.66 * 0.1%
|Book Value of Equity per Share||Weighted future Book Value estimates from 10 analysts.||€183.66|
|Discount Rate (Cost of Equity)||See below||5.7%|
|Perpetual Growth Rate||10-Year DE Government Bond Rate||0.2%|
An important part of a discounted cash flow is the discount rate, below we explain how it has been calculated.
|Data Point||Calculation/ Source||Result|
|Risk-Free Rate||10-Year DE Govt Bond Rate||0.2%|
|Equity Risk Premium||S&P Global||6.0%|
|Insurance Unlevered Beta||Simply Wall St/ S&P Global||0.67|
|Re-levered Beta||= Unlevered beta (1 + (1- tax rate) (Debt/Equity))|
= 0.667 (1 + (1 – 30.0%) (43.19%))
|Levered Beta||Levered Beta limited to 0.8 to 2.0|
(practical range for a stable firm)
|Discount Rate/ Cost of Equity||= Cost of Equity = Risk Free Rate + (Levered Beta * Equity Risk Premium)|
= 0.23% + (0.912 * 5.96%)
Discounted Cash Flow Calculation for XTRA:ALV using Excess Returns Model Model
The calculations below outline how an intrinsic value for Allianz is arrived at using the Excess Return Model. This approach is used for finance firms where free cash flow is difficult to estimate.
In the Excess Return Model the value of a firm can be written as the sum of capital invested currently in the firm and the present value of excess returns that the firm expects to make in the future.
The model is sensitive to the Return on Equity of the company versus the Cost of Equity, how these are calculated is detailed below the main calculation.
Note the calculations below are per share.
|Excess Returns||= (Stable Return on equity – Cost of equity) x (Book Value of Equity per share)
= (0.1% – 5.66%) x €183.66
|Terminal Value of Excess Returns||= Excess Returns / (Cost of Equity – Expected Growth Rate)
= €12.93 / (5.66% – 0.23%)
|Value of Equity||= Book Value per share + Terminal Value of Excess Returns
EUR183.66 + €237.89
|Value per share (EUR)||From above.||€421.55|
|Current discount||Discount to share price of €218.8
= -1 x (€218.8 – €421.55) / €421.55
See documentation to learn about this calculation.